Annual leave calculation in different countries and in Armenia. Maternity allowance
Annual leave gives an employee time off work while being paid by the employer. During annual leave, there is no obligation for the employee to work during the leave.
For most countries, other types of leave will include maternity leave, paternity leave, sick leave or bereavement leave. The number of days of annual leave is recorded in the employment contract and the calculation of leave is carried out in accordance with the legislation of the given country.
According to Global.ppl, Ukraine, the Czech Republic and Lithuania are entitled to the longest annual leave (excluding public holidays during the holiday period) with a five-day working calendar. If you have an intention to get a new profession related to this field, you can register for the Human Resources course organised by us.
How are annual holidays organized in different countries?
Annual leave calculation in Armenia is based on the working week. If the employee works five days a week, then he will have the right to 20 days of annual leave, and in the case of six working days, he has the possibility of 24 days of leave. Now let's examine the approach of other countries to the calculation of leave.
Annual leave entitlement for federal employees in the United States is calculated based on how long an individual has worked for the organisation and what type of employment they have. For example, full-time employees with less than 3 years of service are entitled to 4 hours of vacation per pay period, 6 hours for 3-15 years, and 8 hours for more than 15 years.
In the United States, the standard annual leave calculation is 3 weeks, but there is no general statutory requirement.
Under UK employment law, employees are entitled to 28 days of paid holiday per year, of which 8 days are national/state days.
Vacation is calculated by defining a "vacation year", which is the time when the employee can use it. If an employee starts work half way through the vacation year, he will be entitled to a portion of the vacation for that period.
The employment contract will state whether the employee can carry over annual leave to the following leave year and, if so, how many days are allowed. If an employee receives annual leave for a certain period, then leaves the organisation, he is paid for unused working days.
In Australia, full-time and part-time workers are entitled to 4 weeks of annual leave, calculated based on the hours they work. Shift workers are allowed up to 5 weeks annual leave.
Annual leave begins to accrue from the first day of employment and continues throughout the years. Leave may not be accrued for periods of unpaid sick leave, parental leave or unpaid annual leave.
In Spain, workers are entitled to a minimum of 23 days of paid holiday per year, but 25 days is standard. Vacation days are prorated during the first year, and in the second year of working in the same company, the employee has the right to receive the amount of annual vacation provided by the employment contract. Employees can choose to take their leave at different times of the year, or take it all at once.
In Armenia, the calculation of the minimum annual leave is defined as 20 in the case of a 5-day working week, and 24 working days in the case of a 6-day working week, according to the RA Labor Code.
By agreement of the parties, annual leave may be granted in parts. In this case, one part of the annual leave must be at least 10 working days in the case of a 5-day working week, and at least 12 working days in the case of a 6-day working week.
For each working year, annual leave is granted in that working year. Annual leave for the first year of work, as a rule, is provided after 6 months of continuous work in the given organisation, except for joint employees. For the second and each subsequent working year, annual leave is granted at any time of the working year in accordance with the order of granting annual leave.
How is annual leave calculated?
Annual leave is calculated by the average salary, which in turn is calculated by multiplying the employee's average daily salary by the number of days of leave granted.
In the case of a five-day working week, the average daily wage is determined by dividing the average monthly wage by 21, and in the case of a six-day working week by dividing it by 25.
To determine the amount of the average monthly salary, we take the total sums of all types of wages (basic salary, additional salary - supplements, bonuses, etc.) calculated by the given employer for the employee during the last twelve months preceding the month in which such a claim arises and divide by 12.
These 12 months do not include periods of temporary disability, unemployment, vacation, as well as military registration duties, training camps, military exercises, participating in military exercises, performing conscription military service or as a person not in military service (volunteer) on a voluntary basis in the Republic of Armenia, as also the months of participating in combat operations of the defence of other countries on the basis of military mutual assistance agreements with the Republic of Armenia or the state authorised body in the field of defence.
How is maternity allowance calculated?
The average monthly salary is calculated by dividing the income paid by the employer to the employee for the twelve consecutive calendar months preceding the month in which the temporary disability occurs.
Maternity leave is granted to employees and self-employed persons:
140 days (70 calendar days for pregnancy and 70 calendar days for childbirth)
155 days (70 calendar days for pregnancy and 85 calendar days for childbirth) in case of complicated childbirth.
180 days (70 calendar days for pregnancy and 110 calendar days for childbirth) in case of having more than one child at the same time.
To calculate the amount of maternity benefit, the amount taken as a basis is divided by 30.4 and multiplied by the number of calendar days of the period of pregnancy and maternity leave. Maternity benefit is calculated according to the law on temporary disability and maternity benefits.
Maternity leave in other countries according to material published by Oyster.
During the human resources course conducted by Profix Consulting, the provisions of the RA Labor Code are presented in detail, and the most frequently used articles are studied through practical work, so you can master a completely new profession by participating in our course.